Understanding the origin of the catalytic power of enzymes has both conceptual and practical importance. One of the most important finding from computational studies of enzyme catalysis is that a major part of the catalytic power is due to the preorganization of the enzyme active site. Unfortunately, misunderstanding of the non trivial preorganization idea lead some (e.g. Ref 1) to assume that it does not consider the effect of the protein residues. This major confusion reflects a misunderstanding of the statement that the interaction energy of the enzyme group and the transition state is similar to the corresponding interaction between the water molecules and the TS, and that the catalysis is due to the reorganization free energy of the water molecules. Obviously, this finding does not mean that we do not consider the enzyme groups. Another problem is the idea that catalysis is due to substrate preorganization. This more traditional idea is based in some cases on inconsistent interpretation of the action of model compounds, which unfortunately, do not reflect the actual situation in the enzyme active site. The present paper addresses the above problems, clarifying first the enzyme polar preorganization idea and the current misunderstandings. Next we take a specific model compound that was used to promote the substrate preorganization proposal and establish its irrelevance to enzyme catalysis. Overall, we show that the origin of the catalytic power of enzymes cannot be assessed uniquely without computer simulations, since at present this is the only way of relating structure and energetics. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.