MyJournals Home  

RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 19, Pages 3530: Cathepsin S Alters the Expression of Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines and MMP-9, Partially through Protease--Activated Receptor-2, in Human Corneal Epithelial Cells (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

10 november 2018 15:02:02

 
IJMS, Vol. 19, Pages 3530: Cathepsin S Alters the Expression of Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines and MMP-9, Partially through Protease--Activated Receptor-2, in Human Corneal Epithelial Cells (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 




Cathepsin S (CTSS) activity is increased in tears of Sjögren’s syndrome (SS) patients. This elevated CTSS may contribute to ocular surface inflammation. Human corneal epithelial cells (HCE-T cells) were treated with recombinant human CTSS at activity comparable to that in SS patient tears for 2, 4, 8, and 24 h. Acute CTSS significantly increased HCE-T cell gene and protein expression of interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) from 2 to 4 h, while matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), CTSS, and protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) were increased by chronic CTSS (24 h). To investigate whether the increased pro-inflammatory cytokines and proteases were induced by CTSS activation of PAR-2, HCE-T cells were transfected with PAR-2 siRNA, reducing cellular PAR-2 by 45%. Cells with reduced PAR-2 expression showed significantly reduced release of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, and MMP-9 into culture medium in response to acute CTSS, while IL-6, TNF-α, and MMP-9 were reduced in culture medium, and IL-6 and MMP-9 in cell lysates, after chronic CTSS. Moreover, cells with reduced PAR-2 expression showed reduced ability of chronic CTSS to induce gene expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and proteases. CTSS activation of PAR-2 may represent a potential therapeutic target for amelioration of ocular surface inflammation in SS patients.


Del.icio.us Digg Facebook Google StumbleUpon Twitter
 
21 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
IJMS, Vol. 19, Pages 3531: Effects of a Pasty Bone Cement Containing Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor-Functionalized Mesoporous Bioactive Glass Particles on Metaphyseal Healing in a New Murine Osteoporotic Fracture Model (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
IJMS, Vol. 19, Pages 3529: The Long Journey of Pollen Tube in the Pistil (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 
 
blog comments powered by Disqus


MyJournals.org
The latest issues of all your favorite science journals on one page

Username:
Password:

Register | Retrieve

Search:

Molecular Biology

Use these buttons to bookmark us:
Del.icio.us Digg Facebook Google StumbleUpon Twitter


Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional
Copyright © 2008 - 2018 Indigonet Services B.V.. Contact: Tim Hulsen. Read here our privacy notice.
Other websites of Indigonet Services B.V.: Nieuws Vacatures News Tweets Travel Photos Nachrichten Indigonet Finances Leer Mandarijn