IJMS, Vol. 19, Pages 3525: Comparative Transcriptome Analysis Provides Novel Insight into Morphologic and Metabolic Changes in the Fat Body during Silkworm Metamorphosis (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
The fat body plays key roles in energy storage and utilization as well as biosynthetic and metabolic activities in insects. During metamorphosis from larva to pupa, the fat body undergoes dramatic changes in morphology and metabolic processes. However, the genetic basis underlying these changes has not been completely understood. In this study, the authors performed a time-course transcriptome analysis of the fat body during silkworm metamorphosis using RNA-sequencing. A total of 5217 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in the fat body at different developmental time points. DEGs involved in lipid synthesis and degradation were highly expressed at the third day of the last larval instar and during the prepupal-pupal transition, respectively. DEGs involved in the ecdysone signaling and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling pathways that modulate organ development exhibited a high expression level during the fat body remodeling process from prepupa to pupa. Intriguingly, the RNA interference-mediated knockdown of either decapentaplegic (Dpp) or protein 60A (Gbb), two DEGs involved in the BMP signaling pathway, inhibited fat body dissociation but promoted lipid mobilization, suggesting that the BMP signaling pathway not only is required for fat body remodeling, but also moderately inhibits lipid mobilization to ensure an appropriate lipid supply during the pupal-adult transition. In conclusion, the comparative transcriptome analysis provides novel insight into morphologic and metabolic changes in the fat body during silkworm metamorphosis.