IJMS, Vol. 19, Pages 3517: Activation of CREBZF Increases Cell Apoptosis in Mouse Ovarian Granulosa Cells by Regulating the ERK1/2 and mTOR Signaling Pathways (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
CREBZF, a multifunction transcriptional regulator, participates in the regulation of numerous cellular functions. The aims of the present study were to detect the localization of CREBZF expression in the ovary and explore the role of CREBZF and related mechanisms in the apoptosis of ovarian granulosa cells. We found by immunohistochemistry that CREBZF was mainly located in granulosa cells and oocytes during the estrous cycle. Western blot analysis showed that SMILE was the main isoform of CREBZF in the ovary. The relationship between apoptosis and CREBZF was assessed via CREBZF overexpression and knockdown. Flow cytometry analysis showed that CREBZF induced cell apoptosis in granulosa cells. Western bolt analysis showed that overexpression of CREBZF upregulated BAX and cleaved Caspase-3, while it downregulated BCL-2. Furthermore, overexpression of CREBZF inhibited the ERK1/2 and mTOR signaling pathways through the phosphorylation of intracellular-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) and p70 S6 kinase (S6K1). Moreover, we found that CREBZF also activated autophagy by increasing LC3-II. In description, these results suggest that CREBZF might play a proapoptotic role in cell apoptosis in granulosa cells, possibly by regulating the ERK1/2 and mTOR signaling pathways.