Phosphodiesterase 4B (PDE4B) plays an important role in inflammation. Recently we have reported that roflumilast as a PDE4-selective inhibitor, synergizes with nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) to up-regulate PDE4B expression in vitro and in vivo. Clinical evidence and our previous results suggest that synergistic induction of PDE4B could be counterproductive for suppressing inflammation or may contribute to tolerance to roflumilast. We thus investigated if dexamethasone inhibits the synergistic induction of PDE4B by roflumilast and NTHi as well as inflammation. Here, dexamethasone markedly suppressed the synergistic induction of PDE4B in human lung epithelial cells and in vivo. We also found that dexamethasone further suppressed NTHi-induced inflammatory response in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, Compound A, as a dissociating non-steroidal glucocorticoid receptor (GR) ligand, inhibited the synergistic induction of PDE4B, thereby suggesting the requirement of dexamethasone-mediated GR activation in the suppression of PDE4B expression. Taken together, our data suggest that dexamethasone may help attenuate inflammation and tolerance through suppressing the PDE4B expression in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients using roflumilast.