Very few studies have investigated the interrelations between proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) metabolism, cholesterol synthesis, and cholesterol absorption. We aimed to address this issue in a large clinical trial of 245 patients with hypercholesterolemia. Serum lipids, PCSK9, lathosterol (cholesterol synthesis marker), campesterol, and sitosterol (cholesterol absorption markers) were measured before and 4–8 weeks after the start of treatment with PCSK9-antibodies (alirocumab or evolocumab). The patients had mean (standard error) LDL-cholesterol and PCSK9 concentrations of 3.87 (0.10) mmol/l and 356 (17) ng/ml, respectively. Eighty-four patients received no lipid-lowering pretreatment, 26 ezetimibe, 38 statins, and 97 ezetimibe + statins. Circulating PCSK9 increased in parallel with the potency of lipid-lowering pretreatment with circulating PCSK9 being highest in the ezetimibe + statin group (P < 0.001). Treatment with PCSK9-antibodies strongly decreased LDL-cholesterol, lathosterol, campesterol, and sitosterol (all P < 0.001) but hardly affected noncholesterol sterol to cholesterol ratios. Lipid-lowering pretreatment was not associated with the effects of PCSK9-antibodies on noncholesterol sterols (all P > 0.05). Summing up, circulating PCSK9 is increased by cholesterol synthesis and absorption inhibitors. Increased PCSK9 expression may partly explain the strong reductions of LDL-cholesterol achieved with PCSK9-antibodies after such pretreatment. On the other hand, treatment with PCSK9-antibodies does not significantly change the balance between cholesterol synthesis and absorption.