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RSS FeedsSerum paraoxonase 1 activity is paradoxically maintained in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease despite low HDL cholesterol [Patient-Oriented and Epidemiological Research] (Journal of Lipid Research)

 
 

4 january 2019 14:01:23

 
Serum paraoxonase 1 activity is paradoxically maintained in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease despite low HDL cholesterol [Patient-Oriented and Epidemiological Research] (Journal of Lipid Research)
 




Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterized by low HDL cholesterol, but the activity of the HDL-associated antioxidative enzyme paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) remains unclear. To determine the association of PON-1 with suspected NAFLD, we measured serum enzyme activity in 7,622 participants of the Prevention of Renal and Vascular End-Stage Disease cohort. A fatty liver index (FLI) ≥60, a proxy of NAFLD, was present in 2,083 participants (27.3%) and coincided with increased prevalence of T2D, metabolic syndrome (MetS), (central) obesity, elevated triglycerides, and low HDL cholesterol (all P < 0.001). In men and women combined, serum PON-1 activity did not vary according to elevated FLI (P = 0.98), whereas in men with elevated FLI PON-1 activity was increased (P = 0.016). In multivariable linear regression analyses (adjusted for age, sex, T2D, MetS, alcohol use, and smoking), PON-1 activity was unexpectedly associated with elevated FLI (β = 0.083; P < 0.001). In a sensitivity analysis (n = 5,126) that excluded subjects with positive cardiovascular history, impaired estimated glomerular filtration rate, elevated urinary albumin excretion, and drug use, PON-1 activity was also independently associated with elevated FLI (β = 0.045; P = 0.017). These results indicate that PON-1 is paradoxically maintained and may even be increased in NAFLD despite inverse associations with metabolic disorders and low HDL cholesterol.


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38 viewsCategory: Cell Biology, Molecular Biology
 
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