Large-scale measurement plays an increasingly important role in intelligent manufacturing. However, existing instruments have problems with immersive experiences. In this paper, an immersive positioning and measuring method based on augmented reality is introduced. An inside-out vision measurement approach using a multi-camera rig with non-overlapping views is presented for dynamic six-degree-of-freedom measurement. By using active LED markers, a flexible and robust solution is delivered to deal with complex manufacturing sites. The space resection adjustment principle is addressed and measurement errors are simulated. The improved Nearest Neighbor method is employed for feature correspondence. The proposed tracking method is verified by experiments and results with good performance are obtained.