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RSS FeedsElectrophilic fatty acids impair RAD51 function and potentiate the effects of DNA-damaging agents on growth of triple-negative breast cells [Signal Transduction] (Journal of Biological Chemistry)

 
 

11 january 2019 13:00:17

 
Electrophilic fatty acids impair RAD51 function and potentiate the effects of DNA-damaging agents on growth of triple-negative breast cells [Signal Transduction] (Journal of Biological Chemistry)
 




Homologous recombination (HR)-directed DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair enables template-directed DNA repair to maintain genomic stability. RAD51 recombinase (RAD51) is a critical component of HR and facilitates DNA strand exchange in DSB repair. We report here that treating triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells with the fatty acid nitroalkene 10-nitro-octadec-9-enoic acid (OA-NO2) in combination with the antineoplastic DNA-damaging agents doxorubicin, cisplatin, olaparib, and ?-irradiation (IR) enhances the antiproliferative effects of these agents. OA-NO2 inhibited IR-induced RAD51 foci formation and enhanced H2A histone family member X (H2AX) phosphorylation in TNBC cells. Analyses of fluorescent DSB reporter activity with both static-flow cytometry and kinetic live-cell studies enabling temporal resolution of recombination revealed that OA-NO2 inhibits HR and not nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ). OA-NO2 alkylated Cys-319 in RAD51, and this alkylation depended on the Michael acceptor properties of OA-NO2 because nonnitrated and saturated nonelectrophilic analogs of OA-NO2, octadecanoic acid and 10-nitro-octadecanoic acid, did not react with Cys-319. Of note, OA-NO2 alkylation of RAD51 inhibited its binding to ssDNA. RAD51 Cys-319 resides within the SH3-binding site of ABL proto-oncogene 1, nonreceptor tyrosine kinase (ABL1), so we investigated the effect of OA-NO2-mediated Cys-319 alkylation on ABL1 binding and found that OA-NO2 inhibits RAD51-ABL1 complex formation both in vitro and in cell-based immunoprecipitation assays. The inhibition of the RAD51-ABL1 complex also suppressed downstream RAD51 Tyr-315 phosphorylation. In conclusion, RAD51 Cys-319 is a functionally significant site for adduction of soft electrophiles such as OA-NO2 and suggests further investigation of lipid electrophile-based combinational therapies for TNBC.


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17 viewsCategory: Biochemistry
 
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