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RSS FeedsNon-cryogenic structure of a chloride pump provides crucial clues to temperature-dependent channel transport efficiency [Membrane Biology] (Journal of Biological Chemistry)

 
 

18 january 2019 15:00:07

 
Non-cryogenic structure of a chloride pump provides crucial clues to temperature-dependent channel transport efficiency [Membrane Biology] (Journal of Biological Chemistry)
 




Non-cryogenic protein structures determined at ambient temperature may disclose significant information about protein activity. Chloride-pumping rhodopsin (ClR) exhibits a trend to hyperactivity induced by a change in the photoreaction rate because of a gradual decrease in temperature. Here, to track the structural changes that explain the differences in CIR activity resulting from these temperature changes, we used serial femtosecond crystallography (SFX) with an X-ray free electron laser (XFEL) to determine the non-cryogenic structure of ClR at a resolution of 1.85 , and compared this structure with a cryogenic ClR structure obtained with synchrotron X-ray crystallography. The XFEL-derived ClR structure revealed that the all-trans retinal (ATR) region and positions of two coordinated chloride ions slightly differed from those of the synchrotron-derived structure. Moreover, the XFEL structure enabled identification of one additional water molecule forming a hydrogen bond network with a chloride ion. Analysis of the channel cavity and a difference distance matrix plot (DDMP) clearly revealed additional structural differences. B-factor information obtained from the non-cryogenic structure supported a motility change on the residual main and side chains as well as of chloride and water molecules because of temperature effects. Our results indicate that non-cryogenic structures and time-resolved XFEL experiments could contribute to a better understanding of the chloride-pumping mechanism of ClR and other ion pumps.


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20 viewsCategory: Biochemistry
 
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