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RSS FeedsSensors, Vol. 19, Pages 392: Non-Covalent Functionalization of Carbon Nanotubes for Electrochemical Biosensor Development (Sensors)

 
 

19 january 2019 14:00:42

 
Sensors, Vol. 19, Pages 392: Non-Covalent Functionalization of Carbon Nanotubes for Electrochemical Biosensor Development (Sensors)
 




Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been widely studied and used for the construction of electrochemical biosensors owing to their small size, cylindrical shape, large surface-to-volume ratio, high conductivity and good biocompatibility. In electrochemical biosensors, CNTs serve a dual purpose: they act as immobilization support for biomolecules as well as provide the necessary electrical conductivity for electrochemical transduction. The ability of a recognition molecule to detect the analyte is highly dependent on the type of immobilization used for the attachment of the biomolecule to the CNT surface, a process also known as biofunctionalization. A variety of biofunctionalization methods have been studied and reported including physical adsorption, covalent cross-linking, polymer encapsulation etc. Each method carries its own advantages and limitations. In this review we provide a comprehensive review of non-covalent functionalization of carbon nanotubes with a variety of biomolecules for the development of electrochemical biosensors. This method of immobilization is increasingly being used in bioelectrode development using enzymes for biosensor and biofuel cell applications.


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14 viewsCategory: Chemistry, Physics
 
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