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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 860: Shedding Light on the Interaction of Human Anti-Apoptotic Bcl-2 Protein with Ligands through Biophysical and in Silico Studies (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

16 february 2019 13:00:01

 
IJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 860: Shedding Light on the Interaction of Human Anti-Apoptotic Bcl-2 Protein with Ligands through Biophysical and in Silico Studies (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 




Bcl-2 protein is involved in cell apoptosis and is considered an interesting target for anti-cancer therapy. The present study aims to understand the stability and conformational changes of Bcl-2 upon interaction with the inhibitor venetoclax, and to explore other drug-target regions. We combined biophysical and in silico approaches to understand the mechanism of ligand binding to Bcl-2. Thermal shift assay (TSA) and urea electrophoresis showed a significant increase in protein stability upon venetoclax incubation, which is corroborated by molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations. An 18 °C shift in Bcl-2 melting temperature was observed in the TSA, corresponding to a binding affinity multiple times higher than that of any other reported Bcl-2 inhibitor. This protein-ligand interaction does not implicate alternations in protein conformation, as suggested by SAXS. Additionally, bioinformatics approaches were used to identify deleterious non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) of Bcl-2 and their impact on venetoclax binding, suggesting that venetoclax interaction is generally favored against these deleterious nsSNPs. Apart from the BH3 binding groove of Bcl-2, the flexible loop domain (FLD) also plays an important role in regulating the apoptotic process. High-throughput virtual screening (HTVS) identified 5 putative FLD inhibitors from the Zinc database, showing nanomolar affinity toward the FLD of Bcl-2.


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30 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
IJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 861: Roles of MicroRNA-34a in Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition, Competing Endogenous RNA Sponging and Its Therapeutic Potential (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
IJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 859: The Neuroprotective Effect of Hericium erinaceus Extracts in Mouse Hippocampus after Pilocarpine-Induced Status Epilepticus (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 
 
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