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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 1144: Combinatory FK506 and Minocycline Treatment Alleviates Prion-Induced Neurodegenerative Events via Caspase-Mediated MAPK-NRF2 Pathway (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

6 march 2019 14:03:24

 
IJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 1144: Combinatory FK506 and Minocycline Treatment Alleviates Prion-Induced Neurodegenerative Events via Caspase-Mediated MAPK-NRF2 Pathway (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 




Transcription factors play a significant role during the symptomatic onset and progression of prion diseases. We previously showed the immunomodulatory and nuclear factor of activated T cells’ (NFAT) suppressive effects of an immunosuppressant, FK506, in the symptomatic stage and an antibiotic, minocycline, in the pre-symptomatic stage of prion infection in hamsters. Here we used for the first time, a combinatory FK506+minocycline treatment to test its transcriptional modulating effects in the symptomatic stage of prion infection. Our results indicate that prolonged treatment with FK506+minocycline was effective in alleviating astrogliosis and neuronal death triggered by misfolded prions. Specifically, the combinatory therapy with FK506+minocycline lowered the expression of the astrocytes activation marker GFAP and of the microglial activation marker IBA-1, subsequently reducing the level of pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), and increasing the levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 and IL-27. We further found that FK506+minocycline treatment inhibited mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) p38 phosphorylation, NF-kB nuclear translocation, caspase expression, and enhanced phosphorylated cAMP response element-binding protein (pCREB) and phosphorylated Bcl2-associated death promoter (pBAD) levels to reduce cognitive impairment and apoptosis. Interestingly, FK506+minocycline reduced mitochondrial fragmentation and promoted nuclear factor–erythroid2-related factor-2 (NRF2)-heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) pathway to enhance survival. Taken together, our results show that a therapeutic cocktail of FK506+minocycline is an attractive candidate for prolonged use in prion diseases and we encourage its further clinical development as a possible treatment for this disease.


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36 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
IJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 1146: Obesity, DNA Damage, and Development of Obesity-Related Diseases (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
IJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 1145: Evolution and Functional Analysis of orf1 Within nif Gene Cluster from Paenibacillus graminis RSA19 (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 
 
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