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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 1440: Recent Advances in Protein Kinase Activity Analysis Based on Nanomaterials (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

21 march 2019 15:00:17

 
IJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 1440: Recent Advances in Protein Kinase Activity Analysis Based on Nanomaterials (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 




Protein phosphorylation regulated by protein kinases, as well as their dephosphorylation, is one of the most common post-translational modifications, and plays important roles in physiological activities, such as intracellular signal communications, gene transcription, cell proliferation and apoptosis. Over-expression of protein kinases is closely associated with various diseases. Consequently, accurate detection of protein kinases activities and their relevant inhibitors screening is critically important, not only to the biochemical research, but also to the clinical diagnosis and therapy. Nanomaterials, taking advantage of large surface areas, as well as excellent electrical, catalytic, magnetic and optical properties, have been utilized as target concentrators, recognition components, signal transducer or amplification elements in protein kinase related assays. This review summarizes the recent representative works to highlight the applications of nanomaterials in different biosensor technologies for protein kinases activities detection and their inhibitors screening. First, different nanomaterials developed for phosphoprotein/phosphopeptide enrichment and phosphate recognition are introduced. Next, representative works are selected that mainly focus on the utilization of nanomaterials as signal transducer or amplification elements in various protein kinases sensing platforms, such as electrochemical, colorimetric, fluorescent, and mass spectroscopy-based approaches. Finally, the major challenges and perspectives of nanomaterials being applied in protein kinases related assays are discussed.


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20 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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