Bacterial soft rot caused by Pectobacterium species is a serious disease in konjac (Amorphophallus konjac), a healthy source of starch particularly in East Asia. An effective diagnostic method is crucial to control the disease and reduce losses in konjac production. In this study, we evaluated a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay with a specific primer set for the rapid and accurate detection of P. aroidearum. A comparative genomics approach was used to identify the specific genes suitable for the design of LAMP primers. The candidate target genes were determined through a first-round comparison with a 50-genome nucleotide database, and subjected to a second-round screening with the GenBank NR database. As a result, nine specific genes of P. aroidearum were selected for LAMP primer design. After screening of the primers, the primer set 1675-1 was chosen for LAMP detection owing to its high specificity and sensitivity. The LAMP assay could detect the presence of P. aroidearum genomic DNA at a concentration as low as 50 fg and 1.2 × 104 CFU/g artificially infected soil within 40 min at 65 °C. Subsequently, this primer set was successfully used to specifically detect P. aroidearum in naturally infected and non-symptomatic plant samples or soil samples from the field. This study indicates that a comparative genomic approach may facilitate the development of highly specific primers for LAMP assays, and a LAMP diagnostic assay with the specific primer set 1675-1 should contribute to the rapid and accurate detection of soft-rot disease in konjac at an early stage.