This paper deals with the diagnosis of stator winding inter-turn faults for an induction motor drive operating without a speed sensor in a speed-sensorless mode. The rotor direct field oriented control structure (DFOC) was applied, its reference current and voltage component values were analyzed, and their selected harmonics were applied as effective fault indicators. To ensure robust speed estimation, a sliding mode model reference adaptive system (SM-MRAS) estimator was selected. The influence of load torque, reference speed, proportional-integral (PI) controller parameters, and short-circuit current on fault diagnosis and speed estimation performance was verified. Experimental test results obtained for a 3 kW induction motor drive are included.