This paper deals with efficient operation method for the electromechanical brake (EMB). A three-phase interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) is applied to the EMB operation. A current controller, speed controller, and position controller based on proportional-integral (PI) control are used to drive the IPMSM. Maximum torque per ampere (MTPA) control is applied to the current controller to perform efficient control. For MTPA control, the angle β is calculated from total input current, and the synchronous frame d–q axis current reference is determined by the angle β. The IPMSM is designed and analyzed with finite element analysis (FEA) software and current control is simulated by Matlab/Simulink using a motor model designed by FEA software. The simulation results were verified to compare with experimental results that are input current and clamping force of caliper. In addition, the experimental results showed that the energy consumption is reduced by MTPA.