The thermodynamic characterisation of magnetocaloric materials is an essential task when evaluating the performance of a cooling process based on the magnetocaloric effect and its application in a magnetic refrigeration cycle. Several methods for the characterisation of magnetocaloric materials and their thermodynamic properties are available in the literature. These can be generally divided into theoretical and experimental methods. The experimental methods can be further divided into direct and indirect methods. In this paper, a new procedure based on an artificial neural network to predict the thermodynamic properties of magnetocaloric materials is reported. The results show that the procedure provides highly accurate predictions of both the isothermal entropy and the adiabatic temperature change for two different groups of magnetocaloric materials that were used to validate the procedure. In comparison with the commonly used techniques, such as the mean field theory or the interpolation of experimental data, this procedure provides highly accurate, time-effective predictions with the input of a small amount of experimental data. Furthermore, this procedure opens up the possibility to speed up the characterisation of new magnetocaloric materials by reducing the time required for experiments.