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RSS FeedsStructure-function analyses of two plant meso-diaminopimelate decarboxylase isoforms reveal that active-site gating provides stereochemical control [Protein Structure and Folding] (Journal of Biological Chemistry)

 
 

24 may 2019 13:02:52

 
Structure-function analyses of two plant meso-diaminopimelate decarboxylase isoforms reveal that active-site gating provides stereochemical control [Protein Structure and Folding] (Journal of Biological Chemistry)
 




meso-Diaminopimelate decarboxylase catalyzes the decarboxylation of meso-diaminopimelate, the final reaction in the diaminopimelate l-lysine biosynthetic pathway. It is the only known pyridoxal-5-phosphate-dependent decarboxylase that catalyzes the removal of a carboxyl group from a d-stereocenter. Currently, only prokaryotic orthologs have been kinetically and structurally characterized. Here, using complementation and kinetic analyses of enzymes recombinantly expressed in Escherichia coli, we have functionally tested two putative eukaryotic meso-diaminopimelate decarboxylase isoforms from the plant species Arabidopsis thaliana. We confirm they are both functional meso-diaminopimelate decarboxylases, although with lower activities than those previously reported for bacterial orthologs. We also report in-depth X-ray crystallographic structural analyses of each isoform at 1.9 and 2.4 resolution. We have captured the enzyme structure of one isoform in an asymmetric configuration, with one ligand-bound monomer and the other in an apo-form. Analytical ultracentrifugation and small-angle X-ray scattering solution studies reveal that A. thaliana meso-diaminopimelate decarboxylase adopts a homodimeric assembly. On the basis of our structural analyses, we suggest a mechanism whereby molecular interactions within the active site transduce conformational changes to the active-site loop. These conformational differences are likely to influence catalytic activity in a way that could allow for d-stereocenter selectivity of the substrate meso-diaminopimelate to facilitate the synthesis of l-lysine. In description, the A. thaliana gene loci At3g14390 and At5g11880 encode functional. meso-diaminopimelate decarboxylase enzymes whose structures provide clues to the stereochemical control of the decarboxylation reaction catalyzed by these eukaryotic proteins


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24 viewsCategory: Biochemistry
 
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