The ice coating on the transmission line is extremely destructive to the safe operation of the power grid. Under natural conditions, the thickness of ice coating on the transmission line shows a nonlinear growth trend and many influencing factors increase the difficulty of forecasting. Therefore, a hybrid model was proposed in this paper, which mixed Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition (EEMD), Random Forest (RF) and Chaotic Grey Wolf Optimization-Extreme Learning Machine (CGWO-ELM) algorithms to predict short-term ice thickness. Firstly, the Ensemble Profit Mode Decomposition model was introduced to decompose the original ice thickness data into components representing different wave characteristics and to eliminate irregular components. In order to verify the accuracy of the model, two transmission lines in ‘hunan’ province were selected for case study. Then the reserved components were modeled one by one, building the random forest feature selection algorithm and Partial Autocorrelation Function (PACF) to extract the feature input of the model. At last, a component prediction model of ice thickness based on feature selection and CGWO-ELM was established for prediction. Simulation results show that the model proposed in this paper not only has good prediction performance, but also can greatly improve the accuracy of ice thickness prediction by selecting input terminal according to RF characteristics.