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RSS FeedsViruses, Vol. 11, Pages 561: Influenza A in Bovine Species: A Narrative Literature Review (Viruses)

 
 

17 june 2019 22:00:10

 
Viruses, Vol. 11, Pages 561: Influenza A in Bovine Species: A Narrative Literature Review (Viruses)
 




It is quite intriguing that bovines were largely unaffected by influenza A, even though most of the domesticated and wild animals/birds at the human–animal interface succumbed to infection over the past few decades. Influenza A occurs on a very infrequent basis in bovine species and hence bovines were not considered to be susceptible hosts for influenza until the emergence of influenza D. This review describes a multifaceted chronological review of literature on influenza in cattle which comprises mainly of the natural infections/outbreaks, experimental studies, and pathological and seroepidemiological aspects of influenza A that have occurred in the past. The review also sheds light on the bovine models used in vitro and in vivo for influenza-related studies over recent years. Despite a few natural cases in the mid-twentieth century and seroprevalence of human, swine, and avian influenza viruses in bovines, the evolution and host adaptation of influenza A virus (IAV) in this species suffered a serious hindrance until the novel influenza D virus (IDV) emerged recently in cattle across the world. Supposedly, certain bovine host factors, particularly some serum components and secretory proteins, were reported to have anti-influenza properties, which could be an attributing factor for the resilient nature of bovines to IAV. Further studies are needed to identify the host-specific factors contributing to the differential pathogenetic mechanisms and disease progression of IAV in bovines compared to other susceptible mammalian hosts.


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37 viewsCategory: Epidemiology, Virology
 
Viruses, Vol. 11, Pages 560: Establishment of a Cell Culture Model of Persistent Flaviviral Infection: Usutu Virus Shows Sustained Replication during Passages and Resistance to Extinction by Antiviral Nucleosides (Viruses)
Viruses, Vol. 11, Pages 563: Mammalian orthoreovirus Infection is Enhanced in Cells Pre-Treated with Sodium Arsenite (Viruses)
 
 
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