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RSS FeedsRemote Sensing, Vol. 11, Pages 1440: Monitoring the Variation of Vegetation Water Content with Machine Learning Methods: Point-Surface Fusion of MODIS Products and GNSS-IR Observations (Remote Sensing)

 
 

18 june 2019 09:01:19

 
Remote Sensing, Vol. 11, Pages 1440: Monitoring the Variation of Vegetation Water Content with Machine Learning Methods: Point-Surface Fusion of MODIS Products and GNSS-IR Observations (Remote Sensing)
 




Vegetation water content (VWC) is recognized as an important parameter in vegetation growth studies, natural disasters such as forest fires, and drought prediction. Recently, the Global Navigation Satellite System Interferometric Reflectometry (GNSS-IR) has emerged as an important technique for monitoring vegetation information. The normalized microwave reflection index (NMRI) was developed to reflect the change of VWC based on this fact. However, NMRI uses local site-based data, and the sparse distribution hinders the application of NMRI. In this study, we obtained a 500 m spatially continuous NMRI product by integrating GNSS-IR site data with other VWC-related products using the point–surface fusion technique. The auxiliary data in the fusion process include the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), gross primary productivity (GPP), and precipitation. Meanwhile, the fusion performance of three machine learning methods, i.e., the back-propagation neural network (BPNN), generalized regression neural network (GRNN), and random forest (RF) are compared and analyzed. The machine learning methods achieve satisfactory results, with cross-validation R values of 0.71–0.83 and RMSEs of 0.025–0.037. The results show a clear improvement over the traditional multiple linear regression method, which achieves R (RMSE) values of only about 0.4 (0.045). It indicates that the machine learning methods can better learn the complex nonlinear relationship between NMRI and the input VWC-related index. Among the machine learning methods, the RF model obtained the best results. Long time-series NMRI images with a 500 m spatial resolution in the western part of the continental U.S. were then obtained. The results show that the spatial distribution of the NMRI product is consistent with a drought situation from 2012 to 2014 in the U.S., which verifies the feasibility of analyzing and predicting drought times and distribution ranges by using the 500 m fusion product.


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27 viewsCategory: Geology, Physics
 
Remote Sensing, Vol. 11, Pages 1441: Crop NDVI Monitoring Based on Sentinel 1 (Remote Sensing)
Remote Sensing, Vol. 11, Pages 1449: Night Thermal Unmixing for the Study of Microscale Surface Urban Heat Islands with TRISHNA-Like Data (Remote Sensing)
 
 
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