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RSS FeedsSustainability, Vol. 11, Pages 3374: Thermodynamic and Exergoeconomic Analyses of a Novel Combined Cycle Comprised of Vapor-Compression Refrigeration and Organic Rankine Cycles (Sustainability)

 
 

19 june 2019 12:00:39

 
Sustainability, Vol. 11, Pages 3374: Thermodynamic and Exergoeconomic Analyses of a Novel Combined Cycle Comprised of Vapor-Compression Refrigeration and Organic Rankine Cycles (Sustainability)
 




In this study, a cooling/power cogeneration cycle consisting of vapor-compression refrigeration and organic Rankine cycles is proposed and investigated. Utilizing geothermal water as a low-temperature heat source, various operating fluids, including R134a, R22, and R143a, are considered for the system to study their effects on cycle performance. The proposed cycle is modeled and evaluated from thermodynamic and thermoeconomic viewpoints by the Engineering Equation Solver (EES) software. Thermodynamic properties as well as exergy cost rates for each stream are found separately. Using R143a as the working fluid, thermal and exergy efficiencies of 27.2% and 57.9%, respectively, are obtained for the cycle. Additionally, the total product unit cost is found to be 60.7 $/GJ. A parametric study is carried out to determine the effects of several parameters, such as turbine inlet pressure, condenser temperature and pressure, boiler inlet air temperature, and pinch-point temperature difference, on the cycle performance. The latter is characterized by such parameters as thermal and exergy efficiencies, refrigeration capacity, produced net power rate, exergy destruction rate, and the production unit cost rates. The results indicate that the system using R134a exhibits the lowest thermal and exergy efficiencies among other working fluids, while the systems using R22 and R143a exhibit the highest energy and exergy efficiencies, respectively. The boiler and turbine contribute the most to the total exergy destruction rate.


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23 viewsCategory: Ecology
 
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