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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 2993: Suppression of STAT3 Phosphorylation and RelA/p65 Acetylation Mediated by MicroRNA134 Plays a Pivotal Role in the Apoptotic Effect of Lambertianic Acid (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

19 june 2019 17:00:44

 
IJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 2993: Suppression of STAT3 Phosphorylation and RelA/p65 Acetylation Mediated by MicroRNA134 Plays a Pivotal Role in the Apoptotic Effect of Lambertianic Acid (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 




As p300-mediated RelA/p65 hyperacetylation by signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) is critical for NF-κB activation, in the current study, the apoptotic mechanism of lambertianic acid (LA) was explored in relation to STAT3 phosphorylation and RelA/p65 acetylation in MCF-7, DU145, PC-3, and MDA-MB-453 cells. LA significantly increased the cytotoxicity, sub G 1 population, and the cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in MDA-MB-453 or PC-3 cells (STAT3 mutant), more than in the MCF-7 or DU145 cells (STAT3 wild). Consistently, LA inhibited the phosphorylation of STAT3 and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB), and disrupted the interaction between p-STAT3, p300, NF-κB, and RelA/p65 acetylation (Ac-RelA/p65) in the MCF-7 and DU145 cells. Also, LA reduced the nuclear translocation of STAT3 and NF-κB via their colocalization, and also suppressed the protein expression of XIAP, survivin, Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), Cox-2, c-Myc and mRNA expression of interleukin 6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in MCF-7 cells. Conversely, IL-6 blocked the ability of LA to suppress the cytotoxicity and PARP cleavage, while the depletion of STAT3 or p300 enhanced the PARP cleavage of LA in the MCF-7 cells. Notably, LA upregulated the level of miRNA134 and so miRNA134 mimic attenuated the expression of pro-PARP, p-STAT3, and Ac-RelA, while the miRNA134 inhibitor reversed the ability of LA to reduce the expression of Ac-RelA and pro-PARP in MCF-7 cells. Overall, these findings suggest that LA induced apoptosis via the miRNA-134 mediated inhibition of STAT3 and RelA/p65 acetylation.


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23 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
IJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 2994: Production, Signaling, and Scavenging Mechanisms of Reactive Oxygen Species in Fruit-Pathogen Interactions (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
IJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 2991: Nuclear Phosphoinositides: Their Regulation and Roles in Nuclear Functions (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 
 
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