IJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 4084: De Novo Transcriptome Analysis Reveals Abundant Gonad-specific Genes in the Ovary and Testis of Henosepilachna vigintioctopunctata (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
Henosepilachna vigintioctopunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) is a major pest affecting Solanaceae plants in Asian countries. In this study, we sequenced the ovary and testis transcriptomes of H. vigintioctopunctata to identify gonad-related genes. Comparison of the unigene sequences in ovary and testis libraries identified 1,421 and 5,315 ovary- and testis-specific genes, respectively. Among the ovary-specific genes, we selected the RC2-like and PSHS-like genes to investigate the effects of gene silencing on the mortality, percentage infertility, pre-oviposition period, fecundity, daily number of eggs laid, and hatching rate in female adults. Although the percentage mortality and infertility of females did not differ significantly among dsRNA treatments, fecundity was significantly reduced in the dsRC2-like and dsPSHS-like treatment groups. Moreover, the pre-oviposition period was markedly prolonged in response to dsPSHS-like treatment. This is the first reported RNA sequencing of H. vigintioctopunctata. The transcriptome sequences and gene expression profiles of the ovary and testis libraries will provide useful information for the identification of gonad-related genes in H. vigintioctopunctata and facilitate further research on the reproductive biology of this species. Moreover, the gonad-specific genes identified may represent candidate target genes for inhibiting the population growth of H. vigintioctopunctata.