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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 4097: Alcohol-Induced Mesenteric Lymphatic Permeability: Link to Immunometabolic Modulation of Perilymphatic Adipose Tissue (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

22 august 2019 19:01:59

 
IJMS, Vol. 20, Pages 4097: Alcohol-Induced Mesenteric Lymphatic Permeability: Link to Immunometabolic Modulation of Perilymphatic Adipose Tissue (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 




Alcohol exerts significant immunomodulatory effects on innate and adaptive immune responses, impairing host defense against infections. Gut-mucosa-derived dendritic cells (DCs) traffic to mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs) through mesenteric lymphatic vessels (MLVs), contributing to intestinal antigen homeostasis. Previously, we demonstrated that acute alcohol administration to male rats induces MLV hyperpermeability resulting in perilymphatic adipose tissue (PLAT) inflammation and insulin signaling dysregulation. We hypothesized that alcohol-induced MLV hyperpermeability can lead to DC leakage to PLAT. DCs promote adipose tissue regulatory T cell (Treg) expansion, and this has been proposed as a mechanism underlying age-associated insulin resistance (IR). The aim of this study was to determine whether chronic alcohol consumption promotes DC leakage to PLAT and results in metabolic dysregulation. Male rats received a Lieber–DeCarli liquid diet containing 36% of calories from alcohol for 10 weeks. Time-matched control animals were pair-fed. PLAT, MLNs, and peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs) were isolated for flow cytometry analyses. PLAT explants were used for determinations of insulin-induced glucose uptake. Chronic alcohol consumption decreased MLN CD4/CD8 ratio and Treg frequency in PBLs. Alcohol increased the frequency of DCs, CD4 T cells, and Tregs in PLAT. Lastly, alcohol decreased insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in PLAT. Collectively, these findings suggest that alcohol-induced immune cell deviation from the gut–MLN pathway is associated with PLAT immunometabolic dysregulation. Whether this immune cell deviation impacts induction of mucosal immunity warrants further investigation.


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40 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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