MyJournals Home  

RSS FeedsMaterials, Vol. 12, Pages 2993: Microstructural Characterization of 3D Printed Cementitious Materials (Materials)


16 september 2019 17:02:36

Materials, Vol. 12, Pages 2993: Microstructural Characterization of 3D Printed Cementitious Materials (Materials)

Three-dimensional concrete printing (3DCP) has progressed rapidly in recent years. With the aim to realize both buildings and civil works without using any molding, not only has the need for reliable mechanical properties of printed concrete grown, but also the need for more durable and environmentally friendly materials. As a consequence of super positioning cementitious layers, voids are created which can negatively affect durability. This paper presents the results of an experimental study on the relationship between 3DCP process parameters and the formed microstructure. The effect of two different process parameters (printing speed and inter-layer time) on the microstructure was established for fresh and hardened states, and the results were correlated with mechanical performance. In the case of a higher printing speed, a lower surface roughness was created due to the higher kinetic energy of the sand particles and the higher force applied. Microstructural investigations revealed that the amount of unhydrated cement particles was higher in the case of a lower inter-layer interval (i.e., 10 min). This phenomenon could be related to the higher water demand of the printed layer in order to rebuild the early Calcium-Silicate-Hydrate (CSH) bridges and the lower amount of water available for further hydration. The number of pores and the pore distribution were also more pronounced in the case of lower time intervals. Increasing the inter-layer time interval or the printing speed both lowered the mechanical performance of the printed specimens. This study emphasizes that individual process parameters will affect not only the structural behavior of the material, but they will also affect the durability and consequently the resistance against aggressive chemical substances. Digg Facebook Google StumbleUpon Twitter
30 viewsCategory: Chemistry, Physics
Materials, Vol. 12, Pages 2994: Microstructure and Properties of Nano-Hydroxyapatite Reinforced WE43 Alloy Fabricated by Friction Stir Processing (Materials)
Materials, Vol. 12, Pages 2992: The Application of Statins in the Regeneration of Bone Defects. Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis (Materials)
blog comments powered by Disqus
The latest issues of all your favorite science journals on one page


Register | Retrieve



Use these buttons to bookmark us: Digg Facebook Google StumbleUpon Twitter

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional
Copyright © 2008 - 2020 Indigonet Services B.V.. Contact: Tim Hulsen. Read here our privacy notice.
Other websites of Indigonet Services B.V.: Nieuws Vacatures News Tweets Travel Photos Nachrichten Indigonet Finances Leer Mandarijn