The precise mechanism of hepatic cirrhosis remains largely unclear. In particular, a potential regulatory mechanism by which protein kinase C-delta (PKCδ ) affects profibrogenic gene expression involved in hepatic cirrhosis has never been explored. In the present study, we investigated whether PKCδ activation is involved in liver inflammatory fibrosis in both lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated RAW 264.7 and CCl4-treated mice. PKCδ was strongly activated by LPS or CCl4 treatment and consequently stimulated nuclear factor (NF)-κB inflammatory response. Interestingly, the activation of PKCδ negatively regulated sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) expression, whereas PKCδ suppression by PKCδ peptide inhibitor V1-1 or siRNA dramatically increased SIRT1 expression. Furthermore, we showed that the negative regulation of PKCδ leads to a decrease in SIRT1 expression. To our knowledge, these results are the first demonstration of the involvement of PKCδ in modulating NF-κB through SIRT1 signaling in fibrosis in mice, suggesting a novel role of PKCδ in inflammatory fibrosis. The level of NF-κB p65 in the nucleus was also negatively regulated by SIRT1 activity. We showed that the inhibition of PKCδ promoted SIRT1 expression and decreased p65 levels in the nucleus through deacetylation. Moreover, the inactivation of PKCδ with V1-1 dramatically suppressed the inflammatory fibrosis, indicating that PKCδ represents a promising target for treating fibrotic diseases like hepatic cirrhosis.