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RSS FeedsViruses, Vol. 11, Pages 1045: Ginsenoside Rg1 Suppresses Type 2 PRRSV Infection via NF-?B Signaling Pathway In Vitro, and Provides Partial Protection against HP-PRRSV in Piglet (Viruses)

 
 

10 november 2019 17:03:17

 
Viruses, Vol. 11, Pages 1045: Ginsenoside Rg1 Suppresses Type 2 PRRSV Infection via NF-?B Signaling Pathway In Vitro, and Provides Partial Protection against HP-PRRSV in Piglet (Viruses)
 




Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is a huge threat to the modern pig industry, and current vaccine prevention strategies could not provide full protection against it. Therefore, exploring new anti-PRRSV strategies is urgently needed. Ginsenoside Rg1, derived from ginseng and notoginseng, is shown to exert anti-inflammatory, neuronal apoptosis-suppressing and anti-oxidant effects. Here we demonstrate Rg1-inhibited PRRSV infection both in Marc-145 cells and porcine alveolar macrophages (PAMs) in a dose-dependent manner. Rg1 treatment affected multiple steps of the PRRSV lifecycle, including virus attachment, replication and release at concentrations of 10 or 50 µM. Meanwhile, Rg1 exhibited broad inhibitory activities against Type 2 PRRSV, including highly pathogenic PRRSV (HP-PRRSV) XH-GD and JXA1, NADC-30-like strain HNLY and classical strain VR2332. Mechanistically, Rg1 reduced mRNA levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-1β, IL-8, IL-6 and TNF-α, and decreased NF-κB signaling activation triggered by PRRSV infection. Furthermore, 4-week old piglets intramuscularly treated with Rg1 after being challenged with the HP-PRRSV JXA1 strain display moderate lung injury, decreased viral load in serum and tissues, and an improved survival rate. Collectively, our study provides research basis and supportive clinical data for using Ginsenoside Rg1 in PRRSV therapies in swine.


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68 viewsCategory: Epidemiology, Virology
 
Viruses, Vol. 11, Pages 1047: Comparative Pathogenicity and Transmissibility of the H7N9 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus and the H7N9 Low Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus in Chickens (Viruses)
Viruses, Vol. 11, Pages 1050: The Capsid Protein of Hepatitis E Virus Inhibits Interferon Induction via Its N-terminal Arginine-Rich Motif (Viruses)
 
 
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