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RSS FeedsActivin A receptor type 1-mediated BMP signaling regulates RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis via canonical SMAD-signaling pathway [Signal Transduction] (Journal of Biological Chemistry)

 
 

22 november 2019 17:00:06

 
Activin A receptor type 1-mediated BMP signaling regulates RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis via canonical SMAD-signaling pathway [Signal Transduction] (Journal of Biological Chemistry)
 




Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are important mediators of osteoclast differentiation. Although accumulating evidence has implicated BMPs in osteoblastogenesis, the mechanisms by which BMPs regulate osteoclastogenesis remain unclear. Activin A receptor type 1 (ACVR1) is a BMP type 1 receptor essential for skeletal development. Here, we observed that BMP-7, which preferentially binds to ACVR1, promotes osteoclast differentiation, suggesting ACVR1 is involved in osteoclastogenesis. To investigate this further, we isolated osteoclasts from either Acvr1-floxed mice or mice with constitutively-activated Acvr1 (caAcvr1) carrying tamoxifen-inducible Cre driven by a ubiquitin promotor and induced Cre activity in culture. Osteoclasts from the Acvr1-floxed mice had reduced osteoclast numbers and demineralization activity, whereas those from the caAcvr1-mutant mice formed large osteoclasts and demineralized pits, suggesting that BMP signaling through ACVR1 regulates osteoclast fusion and activity. It is reported that BMP-2 binds to BMPR1A, another BMP type 1 receptor, whereas BMP-7 binds to ACVR1 to activate SMAD1/5/9 signaling. Here, Bmpr1a-disrupted osteoclasts displayed reduced phospho-SMAD1/5/9 (pSMAD1/5/9) levels when induced by BMP-2, whereas no impacts on pSMAD1/5/9 were observed when induced by BMP-7. In contract, Acvr1-disrupted osteoclasts displayed reduced pSMAD1/5/9 levels when induced either by BMP-2 or BMP-7, suggesting that ACVR1 is the major receptor for transducing BMP-7 signals in osteoclasts. Indeed, LDN-193189 and LDN-212854, which specifically block SMAD1/5/9 phosphorylation, inhibited osteoclastogenesis of caAcvr1-mutant cells. Moreover, increased BMP signaling promoted nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-activated T-cells 1 (NFATc1), which was inhibited by LDN treatments. Taken together, ACVR1-mediated BMP-SMAD signaling activates NFATc1, a regulatory protein crucial for receptor activator of NF-?B ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis.


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24 viewsCategory: Biochemistry
 
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