IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 5013: Examining the Effect of the Environment and Commuting Flow from/to Epidemic Areas on the Spread of Dengue Fever (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Environment and human mobility have been considered as two important factors that drive the outbreak and transmission of dengue fever (DF). Most studies focus on the local environment while neglecting environment of the places, especially epidemic areas that people came from or traveled to. Commuting is a major form of interactions between places. Therefore, this research generates commuting flows from mobile phone tracked data. Geographically weighted Poisson regression (GWPR) and analysis of variance (ANOVA) are used to examine the effect of commuting flows, especially those from/to epidemic areas, on DF in 2014 at the Jiedao level in Guangzhou. The results suggest that (1) commuting flows from/to epidemic areas affect the transmission of DF; (2) such effects vary in space; and (3) the spatial variation of the effects can be explained by the environment of the epidemic areas that commuters commuted from/to. These findings have important policy implications for making effective intervention strategies, especially when resources are limited.