In order to minimize the occurrence of large-scale accidents resulting from the transportation of hazardous materials (HAZMAT) on urban roadways, a system to monitor freight vehicle movements in real-time is being implemented. Although monitoring systems are in place, no prioritization strategy has been prepared for the selection of vehicles by the companies handling HAZMAT. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the factors affecting the level of transport management of HAZMAT handling business entities such as the freight, shipping, and vehicle characteristics, and suggests directions for effective policy enforcement of HAZMAT vehicle monitoring strategies. In this study, nation-wide survey data on the logistics status of HAZMAT handling business entities were collected, and the influence of such business entities according to their level of transport management was derived using an ordered logit model. Implications were obtained through statistical analysis of the transport management behavior of urban hazardous material handling business entities. In the future, it is necessary to study empirical methods for setting priorities based on the survey data of the entire population of HAZMAT transport vehicles.