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RSS FeedsIJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 1266: Rhizosphere Bacterial Community Structure and Predicted Functional Analysis in the Water-Level Fluctuation Zone of the Danjiangkou Reservoir in China During the Dry Period (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)

 
 

16 february 2020 13:02:39

 
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 1266: Rhizosphere Bacterial Community Structure and Predicted Functional Analysis in the Water-Level Fluctuation Zone of the Danjiangkou Reservoir in China During the Dry Period (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 


The water-level fluctuation zone (WLFZ) is a transitional zone between terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Plant communities that are constructed artificially in the WLFZ can absorb and retain nutrients such as nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P). However, the microbial community composition and function associated with this process have not been elucidated. In this study, four artificially constructed plant communities, including those of herbs (Cynodon dactylon and Chrysopogon zizanioides), trees (Metasequoia glyptostroboides), and shrubs (Salix matsudana) from the newly formed WLFZ of the Danjiangkou Reservoir were evaluated. The bacterial community compositions were analyzed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing using a MiSeq platform, and the functions of these communities were assessed via Phylogenetic Investigation of Communities by Reconstruction of Unobserved States (PICRUSt) analysis. The results showed that the bacterial communities primarily comprised 362 genera from 24 phyla, such as Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, and Gemmatimonadetes, showing the richness of the community composition. Planting altered the bacterial community composition, with varying effects observed among the different plant types. The bacterial community functional analysis revealed that these bacteria were primarily associated with six biological metabolic pathway categories (e.g., metabolism, genetic information processing, and environmental information processing) with 34 subfunctions, showing the richness of community functions. The planting of M. glyptostroboides, S. matsudana, and C. dactylon improved the metabolic capabilities of bacterial communities. N- and P-cycling gene analysis showed that planting altered the N- and P-cycling metabolic capacities of soil bacteria. The overall N- and P-metabolic capacity was highly similar between C. dactylon and C. zizanioides samples and between S. matsudana and M. glyptostroboides samples. The results of this study provide a preliminary analysis of soil bacterial community structure and function in the WLFZ of the Danjiangkou Reservoir and provides a reference for vegetation construction in this zone.


 
36 viewsCategory: Medicine, Pathology, Toxicology
 
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 1263: Knowledge Visualizations to Inform Decision Making for Improving Food Accessibility and Reducing Obesity Rates in the United States (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 1265: Validity of the Brief Resilience Scale and Brief Resilient Coping Scale in a Chinese Sample (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 
 
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