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RSS FeedsMolecules, Vol. 25, Pages 878: Antibacterial Activity and Pharmacokinetic Profile of a Promising Antibacterial Agent: 22-(2-Amino-phenylsulfanyl)-22-Deoxypleuromutilin (Molecules)

 
 

18 february 2020 00:04:50

 
Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 878: Antibacterial Activity and Pharmacokinetic Profile of a Promising Antibacterial Agent: 22-(2-Amino-phenylsulfanyl)-22-Deoxypleuromutilin (Molecules)
 




A new pleuromutilin derivative, 22-(2-amino-phenylsulfanyl)-22-deoxypleuromutilin (amphenmulin), has been synthesized and proved excellent in vitro and in vivo efficacy than that of tiamulin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), suggesting this compound may lead to a promising antibacterial agent to treat MRSA infections. In this study, the effectiveness and safety of amphenmulin were further investigated. Amphenmulin showed excellent antibacterial activity against MRSA (minimal inhibitory concentration = 0.0156~8 µg/mL) and performed time-dependent growth inhibition and a concentration-dependent postantibiotic effect (PAE). Acute oral toxicity test in mice showed that amphenmulin was a practical non-toxic drug and possessed high security as a new drug with the 50% lethal dose (LD50) above 5000 mg/kg. The pharmacokinetic properties of amphenmulin were then measured. After intravenous administration, the elimination half-life (T1/2), total body clearance (Clβ), and area under curve to infinite time (AUC0→∞) were 1.92 ± 0.28 h, 0.82 ± 0.09 L/h/kg, and 12.23 ± 1.35 μg·h/mL, respectively. After intraperitoneal administration, the T1/2, Clβ/F and AUC0→∞ were 2.64 ± 0.72 h, 4.08 ± 1.14 L/h/kg, and 2.52 ± 0.81 μg·h/mL, respectively, while for the oral route were 2.91 ± 0.81 h, 6.31 ± 2.26 L/h/kg, 1.67 ± 0.66 μg·h/mL, respectively. Furthermore, we evaluated the antimicrobial activity of amphenmulin in an experimental model of MRSA wound infection. Amphenmulin enhanced wound closure and promoted the healing of wound, which inhibited MRSA bacterial counts in the wound and decreased serum levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-6, and MCP-1.


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28 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Chemistry, Molecular Biology
 
Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 879: Candida antarctica Lipase A-Based Enantiorecognition of a Highly Strained 4-Dibenzocyclooctynol (DIBO) Used for PET Imaging (Molecules)
Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 877: Unexpected Reaction Pathway of the Alpha-Aminoalkyl Radical Derived from One-Electron Oxidation of S-Alkylglutathiones (Molecules)
 
 
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