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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 21, Pages 2497: Detecting the Effects of the Glucocorticoid Dexamethasone on Primary Human Skeletal Muscle Cells--Differences to the Murine Cell Line (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

3 april 2020 20:03:52

 
IJMS, Vol. 21, Pages 2497: Detecting the Effects of the Glucocorticoid Dexamethasone on Primary Human Skeletal Muscle Cells--Differences to the Murine Cell Line (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Skeletal muscle atrophy is characterized by a decrease in muscle fiber size as a result of a decreased protein synthesis, which leads to degradation of contractile muscle fibers. It can occur after denervation and immobilization, and glucocorticoids (GCs) may also increase protein breakdown contributing to the loss of muscle mass and myofibrillar proteins. GCs are already used in vitro to induce atrophic conditions, but until now no studies with primary human skeletal muscle existed. Therefore, this study deals with the effects of the GC dexamethasone (dex) on primary human myoblasts and myotubes. After incubation with 1, 10, and 100 µM dex for 48 and 72 h, gene and protein expression analyses were performed by qPCR and Western blot. Foxo, MuRF-1, and MAFbx were significantly upregulated by dex, and there was increased gene expression of myogenic markers. However, prolonged incubation periods demonstrated no Myosin protein degradation, but an increase of MuRF-1 expression. In conclusion, applying dex did not only differently affect primary human myoblasts and myotubes, as differences were also observed when compared to murine cells. Based on our findings, studies using cell lines or animal cells should be interpreted with caution as signaling transduction and functional behavior might differ in diverse species.


 
14 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
IJMS, Vol. 21, Pages 2498: Mapping the Gene Expression Spectrum of Mediator Subunits in Response to Viroid Infection in Plants (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
IJMS, Vol. 21, Pages 2496: Quantitative Proteomic Analyses Identify STO/BBX24 -Related Proteins Induced by UV-B (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 
 
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