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RSS FeedsViruses, Vol. 12, Pages 400: Novel Toscana Virus Reverse Genetics System Establishes NSs as an Antagonist of Type I Interferon Responses (Viruses)

 
 

4 april 2020 15:00:24

 
Viruses, Vol. 12, Pages 400: Novel Toscana Virus Reverse Genetics System Establishes NSs as an Antagonist of Type I Interferon Responses (Viruses)
 


The sand fly-borne Toscana virus (TOSV) is the major cause of human meningoencephalitis in the Mediterranean basin during the summer season. In this work, we have developed a T7 RNA polymerase-driven reverse genetics system to recover infectious particles of a lineage B strain of TOSV. The viral protein pattern and growth properties of the rescued virus (rTOSV) were found to be similar to those of the corresponding wild-type (wt) virus. Using this system, we genetically engineered a TOSV mutant lacking expression of the non-structural protein NSs (rTOSV?NSs). Unlike rTOSV and the wt virus, rTOSV?NSs was unable to (i) suppress interferon (IFN)-b messenger RNA induction; and (ii) grow efficiently in cells producing IFN-b. Together, our results highlight the importance of NSs for TOSV in evading the IFN response and provide a comprehensive toolbox to investigate the TOSV life cycle in mammalian and insect host cells, including several novel polyclonal antibodies.


 
43 viewsCategory: Epidemiology, Virology
 
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