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RSS FeedsRemote Sensing, Vol. 13, Pages 3716: CW Direct Detection Lidar with a Large Dynamic Range of Wind Speed Sensing in a Remote and Spatially Confined Volume (Remote Sensing)

 
 

17 september 2021 10:59:03

 
Remote Sensing, Vol. 13, Pages 3716: CW Direct Detection Lidar with a Large Dynamic Range of Wind Speed Sensing in a Remote and Spatially Confined Volume (Remote Sensing)
 


A novel continuous-wave (CW) direct detection lidar (DDL) is demonstrated to be capable of wind speed measurement 40 m away with an update rate of 4 Hz using a fiber-based scanning Fabry–Perot interferometer as an optical frequency discriminator. The proposed CW DDL has a large dynamic wind speed range with no sign ambiguity and its sensitivity is assessed by comparing its performance with that of a CW coherent detection lidar (CDL) in a side-by-side wind measurement. A theoretical model of the spatial weighting function of the fiber-based CW DDL is also presented and validated experimentally. This work shows that the CW DDL has a spatially confined measurement volume with a Lorentzian axial profile similar to that of a CW CDL. The proposed DDL has potential use in various applications in which requirements such as high-speed wind sensing and directional discrimination are not met by state-of-the-art Doppler wind lidar systems.


 
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