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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 22, Pages 10053: Local Interleukin-12 Treatment Enhances the Efficacy of Radiation Therapy by Overcoming Radiation-Induced Immune Suppression (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

17 september 2021 12:59:56

 
IJMS, Vol. 22, Pages 10053: Local Interleukin-12 Treatment Enhances the Efficacy of Radiation Therapy by Overcoming Radiation-Induced Immune Suppression (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Radiation therapy (RT) recruits myeloid cells, leading to an immunosuppressive microenvironment that impedes its efficacy against tumors. Combination of immunotherapy with RT is a potential approach to reversing the immunosuppressive condition and enhancing tumor control after RT. This study aimed to assess the effects of local interleukin-12 (IL-12) therapy on improving the efficacy of RT in a murine prostate cancer model. Combined treatment effectively shrunk the radioresistant tumors by inducing a T helper-1 immune response and influx of CD8+ T cells. It also delayed the radiation-induced vascular damage accompanied by increased α-smooth muscle actin-positive pericyte coverage and blood perfusion. Moreover, RT significantly reduced the IL-12-induced levels of alanine aminotransferase in blood. However, it did not further improve the IL-12-induced anti-tumor effect on distant tumors. Upregulated expression of T-cell exhaustion-associated genes was found in tumors treated with IL-12 only and combined treatment, suggesting that T-cell exhaustion is potentially correlated with tumor relapse in combined treatment. In conclusion, this study illustrated that combination of radiation and local IL-12 therapy enhanced the host immune response and promoted vascular maturation and function. Furthermore, combination treatment was associated with less systemic toxicity than IL-12 alone, providing a potential option for tumor therapy in clinical settings.


 
61 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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