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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 22, Pages 11117: Mitochondrial Contributions to Hematopoietic Stem Cell Aging (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

15 october 2021 11:40:17

 
IJMS, Vol. 22, Pages 11117: Mitochondrial Contributions to Hematopoietic Stem Cell Aging (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Mitochondrial dysfunction and stem cell exhaustion are two hallmarks of aging. In the hematopoietic system, aging is linked to imbalanced immune response and reduced regenerative capacity in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), as well as an increased predisposition to a spectrum of diseases, including myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia. Myeloid-biased differentiation and loss of polarity are distinct features of aged HSCs, which generally exhibit enhanced mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), suggesting a direct role for mitochondria in the degenerative process. Here, we provide an overview of current knowledge of the mitochondrial mechanisms that contribute to age-related phenotypes in HSCs. These include mitochondrial ROS production, alteration/activation of mitochondrial metabolism, the quality control pathway of mitochondria, and inflammation. Greater understanding of the key machineries of HSC aging will allow us to identify new therapeutic targets for preventing, delaying, or even reversing aspects of this process.


 
63 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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