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RSS FeedsRemote Sensing, Vol. 13, Pages 4146: Monitoring the Severity of Pantana phyllostachysae Chao on Bamboo Using Leaf Hyperspectral Data (Remote Sensing)


16 october 2021 11:19:41

Remote Sensing, Vol. 13, Pages 4146: Monitoring the Severity of Pantana phyllostachysae Chao on Bamboo Using Leaf Hyperspectral Data (Remote Sensing)

Effectively monitoring Pantana phyllostachysae Chao (PPC) is essential for the sustainable development of the bamboo industry. However, the morphological similarity between damaged and off-year bamboo imposes challenges in the monitoring. The knowledge on whether the severity of this pest could be effectively monitored by using remote sensing methods is very limited. To fill this gap, this study aimed to identify the PPC damage of moso bamboo leaves using hyperspectral data. Specifically, we investigated differences in relative chlorophyll content (RCC), leaf water content (LWC), leaf nitrogen content (LNC), and hyperspectral spectrum among healthy, damaged (mildly damage, moderately damage, severely damage), and off-year bamboo leaves. Then, the hyperspectral indices sensitive to pest damage were selected by recursive feature elimination (RFE). The PPC damage identification model was constructed using the light gradient boosting machine (LightGBM) algorithm. We designed two different scenarios, without (A) and with (B) off-year samples, to evaluate the impact of off-year leaves on identification results. The RCC, the LWC, and the LNC of damaged leaves generally showed clear declined trends with the deterioration of damaged severity. The RCC and the LNC of off-year leaves were significantly lower than those of healthy and damaged leaves, whereas the LWC of off-leaves was significantly different from that of damaged leaves. The pest infestation caused noticeable distortion of leaf spectrum, increases in red and shortwave infrared bands, and decreases in green and near-infrared bands. The magnitude of reflectance change increased with the pest severity. The reflectance of off-year leaves in visible and near-infrared regions was distinguishably higher than that of healthy and damaged leaves. The overall accuracy (OA) of the constructed model for the identification of leaves with different degrees of damage severity reached 81.51%. When off-year, healthy, and damaged leaves were lumped together, the OA of the constructed model decreased by 5%. About half of the off-year leaf samples were misclassified into the damaged group. The identification of off-year leaves is a challenge for monitoring PPC damage using hyperspectral data. These results can provide practical guidance for monitoring PPC using remote sensing methods.

48 viewsCategory: Geology, Physics
Remote Sensing, Vol. 13, Pages 4144: Leaf Surface Reflectance Does Not Affect Biophysical Traits Modelling from VIS-NIR Spectra in Plants with Sparsely Distributed Trichomes (Remote Sensing)
Remote Sensing, Vol. 13, Pages 4149: Identification of Amaranthus Species Using Visible-Near-Infrared (Vis-NIR) Spectroscopy and Machine Learning Methods (Remote Sensing)
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