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RSS FeedsIJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 11036: The Effect of Postmigration Factors on Quality of Life among North Korean Refugees Living in South Korea (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)

 
 

20 october 2021 15:10:14

 
IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 11036: The Effect of Postmigration Factors on Quality of Life among North Korean Refugees Living in South Korea (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 


North Korean refugees have not only endured traumatic experiences in North Korea and during defection but have also undergone an adaptation process after arrival in South Korea. Their quality of life (QoL) is likely to be affected by these traumatic life events, leading to subsequent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or postmigration adaptation-related stress, which involves a sense of dislocation with the culture, language, and people in South Korea. We investigated which aspects predicted the QoL of refugees from North Korea. Fifty-five participants currently living in South Korea completed a checklist about personal characteristics and traumatic experiences before, during and after migration. Diagnosis and symptom severity of PTSD, depressive mood, anxiety, and QoL were also assessed. A multiple regression analysis was performed to evaluate associations between QoL and other variables of interest. Overall, QoL was associated with previous economic status in North Korea, present occupation in South Korea, difficulty interacting with South Koreans, depressed mood, and state–trait anxiety. Finally, QoL was explained by having difficulty interacting with South Koreans, depressed mood, and state anxiety, with the model accounting for 51.3% of the variance. Our findings suggest that QoL among North Korean refugees in South Korea is influenced by the current level of their anxiety and depressed mood, and post-migration adaptation-related stress resulting from trying to integrate with South Koreans after settlement.


 
53 viewsCategory: Medicine, Pathology, Toxicology
 
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