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RSS FeedsIJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 11089: Gender and Childhood Victimization: A Longitudinal Study of Heavy Drinking in Young Adulthood (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)

 
 

21 october 2021 14:58:19

 
IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 11089: Gender and Childhood Victimization: A Longitudinal Study of Heavy Drinking in Young Adulthood (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 


The present longitudinal study, for 12 years, followed a group of young adults, examining (1) whether/how victimization in childhood increased the likelihood of heavy drinking; (2) whether depression mediated the strain–heavy drinking relationship; and (3) whether/how relationships among strain, depression, and heavy drinking differed across two gender groups. Data came from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 cohort, dating 2004–2015 (5 interview waves and 22,549 person-wave measurements total). We linked consumption of 5+ drinks (during the month prior) to four discrete measures of violent victimization, to one measure of stressful events, and to depression. We needed to consider repeat measures of the same variables over time, so we used generalized estimating equations (GEE) to analyze data. Depression was found to increase heavy drinking uniformly. Empirical evidence confirmed that in the strain–heavy drinking relationship, depression plays a minor mediating role. Gender moderated heavy drinking`s associations. Specifically, bullying in childhood raised risk for female respondents. The current strain was associated with a higher risk of heavy drinking among male respondents. Childhood victimization, as well as current life stress, play an important role in depression and heavy drinking. Future research should focus on the development of specific, targeted care to reduce heavy drinking`s harm and promote equity among Americans.


 
47 viewsCategory: Medicine, Pathology, Toxicology
 
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