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RSS FeedsIJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 12375: The Prevalence of Myopia in Children in Spain: An Updated Study in 2020 (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)

 
 

25 november 2021 03:40:14

 
IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 12375: The Prevalence of Myopia in Children in Spain: An Updated Study in 2020 (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 


Background: In recent years, there was a significant increase in myopia incidence worldwide. However, it is still not clear how it affects Spanish children. Since 2016, this research team analyzed myopia prevalence and risk in 9668 children aged between 5 and 7 years. It was shown that the prevalence rates increased from 16.8% in 2016 to 20.4% in 2019. The objective of this study is to update the prevalence rate of myopia in Spain in 2020 and analyze the risk and prevention factors of myopia. Methods: The participants underwent an optometric examination, and a questionnaire on their lifestyle, family history, and geographical origin was carried out. Finally, data were analyzed using the SPSS version 27 program. Results: 1601 children from various Autonomous Communities of Spain were examined. In 2020 the myopia rates did not increase compared to 2019 (p < 0.05), although the number of hyperopes decreased and the number of emmetropes increased. Regarding age, the prevalence of myopia increased progressively over the years (p < 0.001). There was no association between gender and myopia (p > 0.05). There was a link between the time spent in near vision and family history with the prevalence of myopia (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The prevalence of myopia in Spain in children between 5 and 7 years old increased significantly between 2016 and 2020.


 
67 viewsCategory: Medicine, Pathology, Toxicology
 
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