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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 22, Pages 12768: Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Animal Models of Alzheimer’s Disease Amyloidosis (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

25 november 2021 17:28:16

 
IJMS, Vol. 22, Pages 12768: Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Animal Models of Alzheimer’s Disease Amyloidosis (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Amyloid-beta (Aβ) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease. Aberrant Aβ accumulation induces neuroinflammation, cerebrovascular alterations, and synaptic deficits, leading to cognitive impairment. Animal models recapitulating the Aβ pathology, such as transgenic, knock-in mouse and rat models, have facilitated the understanding of disease mechanisms and the development of therapeutics targeting Aβ. There is a rapid advance in high-field MRI in small animals. Versatile high-field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences, such as diffusion tensor imaging, arterial spin labeling, resting-state functional MRI, anatomical MRI, and MR spectroscopy, as well as contrast agents, have been developed for preclinical imaging in animal models. These tools have enabled high-resolution in vivo structural, functional, and molecular readouts with a whole-brain field of view. MRI has been used to visualize non-invasively the Aβ deposits, synaptic deficits, regional brain atrophy, impairment in white matter integrity, functional connectivity, and cerebrovascular and glymphatic system in animal models of Alzheimer’s disease amyloidosis. Many of the readouts are translational toward clinical MRI applications in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. In this review, we summarize the recent advances in MRI for visualizing the pathophysiology in amyloidosis animal models. We discuss the outstanding challenges in brain imaging using MRI in small animals and propose future outlook in visualizing Aβ-related alterations in the brains of animal models.


 
51 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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