Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the common malignancies in male adults. Recent advances in omics technology, especially in next-generation sequencing, have increased the opportunity to identify genes that correlate with cancer diseases, including PCa. In addition, a genetic screen based on CRISPR/Cas9 technology has elucidated the mechanisms of cancer progression and drug resistance, which in turn has enabled the discovery of new targets as potential genes for new therapeutic targets. In the era of precision medicine, such knowledge is crucial for clinicians in their decision-making regarding patient treatment. In this review, we focus on how CRISPR screen for PCa performed to date has contributed to the identification of biologically critical and clinically relevant target genes.