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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 1234: An Insight into miR-1290: An Oncogenic miRNA with Diagnostic Potential (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

22 january 2022 15:08:39

 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 1234: An Insight into miR-1290: An Oncogenic miRNA with Diagnostic Potential (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


For more than two decades, the view of the roles of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) has been radically changing. These RNA molecules that are transcribed from our genome do not have the capacity to encode proteins, but are critical regulators of gene expression at different levels. Our knowledge is constantly enriched by new reports revealing the role of these new molecular players in the development of many pathological conditions, including cancer. One of the ncRNA classes includes short RNA molecules called microRNAs (miRNAs), which are involved in the post-transcriptional control of gene expression affecting various cellular processes. The aberrant expression of miRNAs with oncogenic and tumor-suppressive function is associated with cancer initiation, promotion, malignant transformation, progression and metastasis. Oncogenic miRNAs, also known as oncomirs, mediate the downregulation of tumor-suppressor genes and their expression is upregulated in cancer. Nowadays, miRNAs show promising application in diagnosis, prediction, disease monitoring and therapy response. Our review presents a current view of the oncogenic role of miR-1290 with emphasis on its properties as a cancer biomarker in clinical medicine.


 
73 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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