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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 1248: The Wnt Signaling Pathway Inhibitors Improve the Therapeutic Activity of Glycolysis Modulators against Tongue Cancer Cells (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

23 january 2022 10:20:14

 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 1248: The Wnt Signaling Pathway Inhibitors Improve the Therapeutic Activity of Glycolysis Modulators against Tongue Cancer Cells (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


Excessive glucose metabolism and disruptions in Wnt signaling are important molecular changes present in oral cancer cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the combinatorial use of glycolysis and Wnt signaling inhibitors on viability, cytotoxicity, apoptosis induction, cell cycle distribution and the glycolytic activity of tongue carcinoma cells. CAL 27, SCC-25 and BICR 22 tongue cancer cell lines were used. Cells were treated with inhibitors of glycolysis (2-deoxyglucose and lonidamine) and of Wnt signaling (PRI-724 and IWP-O1). The effects of the compounds on cell viability and cytotoxicity were evaluated with MTS and CellTox Green tests, respectively. Apoptosis was evaluated by MitoPotential Dye staining and cell cycle distribution by staining with propidium iodide, followed by flow cytometric cell analysis. Glucose and lactate concentrations in a culture medium were evaluated luminometrically. Combinations of 2-deoxyglucose and lonidamine with Wnt pathway inhibitors were similarly effective in the impairment of oral cancer cells’ survival. However, the inhibition of the canonical Wnt pathway by PRI-724 was more beneficial, based on the glycolytic activity of the cells. The results point to the therapeutic potential of the combination of low concentrations of glycolytic modulators with Wnt pathway inhibitors in oral cancer cells.


 
59 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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