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RSS FeedsEnergies, Vol. 15, Pages 820: Differences of Pore Features in Marine Shales between Lower Cambrian and Lower Silurian Formations of Upper Yangtze Area, South China (Energies)

 
 

24 january 2022 10:38:32

 
Energies, Vol. 15, Pages 820: Differences of Pore Features in Marine Shales between Lower Cambrian and Lower Silurian Formations of Upper Yangtze Area, South China (Energies)
 


Lower Cambrian shale and lower Silurian shale are both typical of oil-prone kerogen and siliceous composition, but different in thermal maturities. Porosity differences were determined in marine shales between the two shales. Measurements were utilized including organic geochemistry, XRD, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and N2 gas adsorption. Pore volume (PV) of lower Silurian shale was approximately 1.5 times higher than that of lower Cambrian shale, and pore surface area (PSA) of lower Silurian shale was almost 2.5 times higher than that of lower Cambrian shale. Lower Cambrian shale and lower Silurian shale possess similar materials, but distinctive thermal degrees. Evolution mechanisms of different types of pores, especially organic matter (OM)-hosted pores, may trigger this different pore features. Pores of rigid framework are the residue of primary interparticle pores during the burial history. Pores associated with clay flakes can be preserved well adjacent to rigid grains or secondary minerals acting as rigid frameworks or grain supporters. Dissolved pores in both lower Cambrian shale and lower Silurian shale barely contribute to the total porosity and mean little to the permeability. Both excessive OM content and over thermal maturity are detrimental to development of OM-hosted pores. Rigid particles, clay flakes, and OM commonly co-exist within shale matrix. Rigid grains act as supporters, clay flakes confine ample space, and OM first migrates into and provides secondary OM-hosted pores. In this condition, pores can be preserved owing to associating matrix with good mechanic and chemical stability. The significant differences of structural settings result into various hydrocarbon explosion efficiency and different pressure circumstance, which consequently leads to the different pore features between the two shales. For lower Cambrian shale, overpressure circumstance diminish if hydrocarbon expels outside of the shale system, and OM-hosted pores destroy through compaction. Sustaining overpressure and abundant residue hydrocarbon (migrated OM) make positive contributions to the pore properties, in terms of numbers, diameters and connectivity of the lower Silurian shale samples.


 
74 viewsCategory: Biophysics, Biotechnology, Physics
 
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