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RSS FeedsIJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 1286: The Effect of Coronavirus 2019 Disease Control Measures on the Incidence of Respiratory Infectious Disease and Air Pollutant Concentrations in the Yangtze River Delta Region, China (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)

 
 

24 january 2022 12:29:49

 
IJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 1286: The Effect of Coronavirus 2019 Disease Control Measures on the Incidence of Respiratory Infectious Disease and Air Pollutant Concentrations in the Yangtze River Delta Region, China (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 


The Yangtze River Delta is one of the top five Chinese regions affected by COVID-19, as it is adjacent to Hubei Province, where COVID-19 first emerged. We investigated the impact of COVID-19 non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) on changes in respiratory infectious diseases (RIDs) incidence and air quality in the Yangtze River Delta by constructing two proportional tests and fitting ARIMA and linear regression models. Compared with the pre-COVID-19 period, the average monthly incidence of seven RIDs decreased by 37.80% (p < 0.001) and 37.11% (p < 0.001) during the COVID-19 period and the post-vaccination period, respectively, in Shanghai, and decreased by 20.39% (p < 0.001) and 22.86% (p < 0.001), respectively, in Zhejiang. Similarly, compared with the pre-COVID-19 period, the monthly overall concentrations of six air pollutants decreased by 12.7% (p = 0.003) and 18.79% (p < 0.001) during the COVID-19 period and the post-vaccination period, respectively, in Shanghai, and decreased by 12.85% (p = 0.008) and 15.26% (p = 0.001), respectively, in Zhejiang. Interestingly, no significant difference in overall incidence of RIDs and concentrations of air quality was shown between the COVID-19 period and the post-vaccination period in either Shanghai or Zhejiang. This study provides additional evidence that the NPIs measures taken to control COVID-19 were effective in improving air quality and reducing the spread of RIDs. However, a direct causal relationship has not been established.


 
86 viewsCategory: Medicine, Pathology, Toxicology
 
IJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 1280: The Understanding and Experiences of Living with Dementia in Chinese New Zealanders (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
IJERPH, Vol. 19, Pages 1284: Impact of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation on Work Engagement: A Cross-Sectional Study of Nurses Working in Long-Term Care Facilities (International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
 
 
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