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RSS FeedsIJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 1291: Interaction between miR4749 and Human Serum Albumin as Revealed by Fluorescence, FRET, Atomic Force Spectroscopy and Computational Modelling (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)

 
 

24 january 2022 15:28:30

 
IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 1291: Interaction between miR4749 and Human Serum Albumin as Revealed by Fluorescence, FRET, Atomic Force Spectroscopy and Computational Modelling (International Journal of Molecular Sciences)
 


The interaction of Human Serum Albumin (HSA) with the microRNA, miR4749, was investigated by Atomic Force Spectrscopy (AFS), static and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy and by computational methods. The formation of a HSA/miR4749 complex with an affinity of about 104 M−1 has been assessed through a Stern–Volmer analysis of steady-state fluorescence quenching of the lone Trp residue (Trp214) emission of HSA. Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) measurements of fluorescence lifetime of the HSA/miR4749 complex were carried out in the absence and in the presence of an acceptor chromophore linked to miR4749. This allowed us to determine a distance of 4.3 ± 0.5 nm between the lone Trp of HSA and the dye bound to miR4749 5p-end. Such a distance was exploited for a screening of the possible binding sites between HSA and miR4749, as predicted by computational docking. Such an approach, further refined by binding free energy calculations, led us to the identification of a consistent model for the structure of the HSA/miR4749 complex in which a positively charged HSA pocket accommodates the negatively charged miRNA molecule. These results designate native HSA as a suitable miRNA carrier under physiological conditions for delivering to appropriate targets.


 
67 viewsCategory: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Molecular Biology
 
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